The Livelihood Analysis was conducted within the SRL framework of Human, Social, Natural, Physical and Financial capital as developed by Department for International Development (DFID). influence on pure agricultural households in the SDTS. The result of the SUR model showed that the driving factors to plant hybrid rice and red rice varied greatly with different categories of the rural household. A livelihood is a means of making a living. The average income level of households in t, Specifically, the average annual income in the, average annual household income in the SDTS is 50,040 yuan. How many households (and what type) have family members living away who remit money? How secure are they? is the normalized value of livelihood assets indicator j of sample i, are the maximum and minimum of livelihood assets of, Generally speaking, the entropy evaluation method [, data on multiple samples to overcome information overlapping and subjectivity caused by artificial. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: Human capital , e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, capacity to work, capacity to adapt The results show that in both terrace systems, the understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge is important to suppress the shift of pure agricultural households to nonagricultural or part-time agricultural households. article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution. Significantly correlated livelihood asset indicators are F1 (+), F2 (+), positively influenced by physical and social assets and significantly negatively influenced by cultural, assets. Livelihood Strategies and Household Types, On the basis of the sources and structure of household income, we divided terrace system. The increased awareness of the agricultural and environmental benefits of seasonal floods including soil fertility maintenance and pest management has resulted in new government regulations that require farmers to adopt a so-called 3-3-2 cropping cycle which means that every three years, farmers protected by high dikes should allow their rice fields to get flooded during the third rice season. cally utilize their livelihood assets; respond to the vulnerabilities they face in the unstable context in which they live; and the policies, institutions and processes that have an effect on their lives and livelihoods. Besides, rural households face a series of social issues from labor migration, especially self-employed and wage-employed households. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.” and, when merged with sustainability “A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in Among these factors, the soil erosion as well as the tourism development policy would be the restrictive factors when choosing an agricultural production strategy, or the incentive factors if a non-agricultural production strategy were to be chosen. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Li Heyao, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households Comparative Analysis of Rice and Dryland Terrace Systems in China_YA, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households Comparative Analysis of Rice and Dryland Terrace Systems in China_YANG Lun.pdf, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households.pdf, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households: Comparative Analysis of Rice and Dryland Terrace Systems in China.pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Lun Yang on Nov 18, 2019, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Hous, All content in this area was uploaded by Li Heyao on Feb 02, 2019, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households: Comparative Analysis of Rice and Dryland Terrace Systems in, Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural, 11A Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; rebussy@163.com (L.Y, The livelihood of peasant households is one of the selection criteria of Globally, Important Agricultural Heritage Systems and a critical factor that affects agricultural heritage system, conservation and inheritance. A Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was used for gaining information in Yuanyang County, Yunnan Province. Human assets are vital and need to be improved through training supported by appropriate information systems for livelihood improvement. The fundamental principles of livelihoods programming are that it is people-centred, multilevel, dynamic, and ultimately aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4. 4 5. The Driving Factors of Farmers’ Livelihood Strategy Choices in a Nature Reserve, EFFECT OF HERDSMEN-FARMERS CONFLICT ON LIVELIHOOD ASSETS OF FARMING COMMUNITIES IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA, Sustainability of rice-based livelihoods in the upper floodplains of Vietnamese Mekong Delta: Prospects and challenges, FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRATEGI BERTAHAN HIDUP PEREMPUAN PULAU DI DESA GEDUGAN, PULAU GILIGENTING, KABUPATEN SUMENEP, Livelihood Asset and Diversity of Agrarian Communities in Ogun State, Nigeria, Classifying Livelihood Strategies Adopting the Activity Choice Approach in Rural China, Production System Diversification and Livelihood in the Drylands of North Central Mexico, Soil water management practices (terraces) helped to mitigate the 2015 drought in Ethiopia, Influence of the Farmer’s Livelihood Assets on Livelihood Strategies in the Western Mountainous Area, China, Power in participatory processes: reflections from multi-stakeholder workshops in the Horn of Africa, Relationships between Livelihood Risks and Livelihood Capitals: A Case Study in Shiyang River Basin, China, Rice Pricing during Organic Conversion of the Honghe Hani Rice Terrace System in China, Can warmer be better? It was also ranked among China-NIAHS in 2013 [, mostly found in northern China, such as in Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi provinces, with the Shexian, ]. Can it be used for multiple purposes? The livelihood status of villages is summarized in terms of a pentagon depicting the five assets and marked differences were observed within and between villages. Livelihood assets of nonagricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS. Assets of Different Livelihood Strategies, According to the setting of livelihood asset indicators and the data normalization approach in, this paper, the maximum livelihood asset value was 6, and the minimum was 0. Significant restraint factors included the total number of family members and the yield of red rice per unit area. Introduction A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in which livelihoods depends, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. See you around! is 29,883 yuan, whereas the average annual nonagricultural income is 20,157 yuan. from human assets when transforming from LS1 to LS3. The results indicated (1) that farmers’ livelihood capital is relatively low and that the natural capital was the lowest, although some variation was observed. iiz-dvv.de. In busy farming season, growing food crops and commercial crops. In what form do people currently keep their savings (livestock, jewellery, cash, bank deposits etc.)? Also: general, the HHRTS has the largest number of LS2, into the LS3 category, indicating a high level of. At nearby movements, livelihood assets tend forgone for moving duck farming since they are also used for paddy fields. It is shown that at the national level, terraced plots have slightly lower yields than non-terraced plots. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Hey there! Taking the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System (HHRTS) and Shexian Dryland Terraces System (SDTS) as examples, we investigated 304 households through a participatory rural appraisal method to discuss the livelihood assets and strategies of households in agricultural heritage systems. This ensures the willingness and ownership of the participants throughout the interventions. Average livelihood assets of peasant households in HHRTS and SDTS. Livelihood assets, such as human, natural, and physical capital, are more dominant than the financial and social capital. , for nonagricultural households, income levels in t, ime agricultural households have similar income. What is the nature of access rights (e.g. tion of annual household income in the SDTS. dryland terraces reflect human wisdom in adapting to and making use of available natural resources. Some of the farmers, however, have been reluctant to shift their farming cycle away from the triple-rice cropping system because of livelihood security-related concerns. Change ), Research project about Natural Resource Management in Bwarej Bekaa, Lebanon, Results and findings depending on the SLA, Problem Tree Analysis – Solid wastes problem. How reliable are remittances? A systematic literature review on experiences to optimize rural development. The livelihood strategies of farm households depend on the conditions of their assets, and farm households cope with risks and shocks through portfolios consisting of different types of assets. crops. HHRTS nonagricultural, households have advantages in cultural, human, and financial assets, whereas SDTS nonagricultural, households are stronger in terms of natural and social assets (Figure, households in the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.318 and 1.859, respectively. Analysis of Livelihood Assets Effect on Livelihood Strategies, The livelihood strategies of a peasant are dynamic, which means that when environmental, background, livelihood assets, policies, and systems undergo drastic changes, households tend to, transform their livelihood strategies to adapt to a new man–land relationship [. Then, this paper summarized the status quo of crop cultivation structures and analyzed their driving factors in HHRTS. Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? Renting Borrowing Work for another person Change trade or … Not only that, there are still other factors that influence. when they change from LS1 to LS2. Is there existing knowledge that can help increase the productivity of resources? How is the resource affected by externalities (e.g. Conflict threatens the livelihood assets of farming communities especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood activity. Non-labor households have a low-level income and asset endowments with older family members and an unhealthier labor force caused mainly by the aging population and accompanying diseases and disabilities. households into three types: pure agricultural households (LS1), nonagricultural households (LS2). "A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. diversity of livelihood strategies in the SDTS (Figure, We chose pure agricultural households as a, indicators significantly influence the process of, nonagricultural or part-time agricultural, 3.1. The terraced landscape in Yuanyang is the most famous. Source: Livelihoods assets: differentiated development in Zimbabwe | zimbabweland Last week’s blog introduced this blog series on communal area development in Zimbabwe, and the comparisons with resettlement areas.This week’s blog continues the series with a look at the distribution of assets people have and their importance in building livelihoods. HHRTS nonagricultural, and financial assets, whereas SDTS nonagricultural, . Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. As an adaptation strategy, farmers prioritized the technological measures of chemical input as the most simple and convenient for climate risks. However, most, if not all, of these studies are targeted in local areas. They are typical eco-agricultural models and outstanding ecological and cultural landscapes and, more, production are lost, all value of the terrace systems will no longer exist [, sustainable development of AHS, encouraging more households to maintain the livelihood strategy, centering on agricultural production is key, By filtering livelihood asset indicators that influence households in choosing their livelihood, strategies acquired from the analysis above, in terrace systems, a household’s understanding of, traditional agricultural knowledge is the most important indicator in the process of pure agricultural. 130: The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and Programme Development in Cambodia, Cathryn Turton. Effects of Livelihood Assets on Livelihood Strategies, Both the HHRTS and SDTS are typical terrace systems and repr. indicators, and the negative influences have a higher level of significance. result-based, cooperative) and digitally-driven approaches, collaborating with different actors (state and private and civil sectors) to deliver valuable ecosystem services. Human capital Human capital represents the skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health that together enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. The sampling method used was random sampling with Slovin. livelihood asset was 1, and the minimum was 0. of the classifications, distributions, benefits and issues of terracing. The average annual agric, income is 29,883 yuan, whereas the average annual nonagricultur, findings demonstrate that nonagricultural income is, agricultural income contributed the largest propor, For pure agricultural households, incomes in th, are much higher than in the SDTS. iiz-dvv.de. (In Chinese with English Abstract), The Coupling between Livelihood of Farmers and Herders and Land Use—Case Studies of Three, ; Southwest University: Chongqing, China, 2014. In this study, the sustainable livelihood framework based on DFID (1999) was used to analyze livelihood assets or capitals of triple-rice farmers in the flood-prone case study of the VMD and the factors affecting sustainability in agricultural livelihoods (Fig. Therefore, most of the farmers in the studied drylands tend to specialize in on-farm income-generating strategies, the same phenomena have been reported in some African countries where income is agriculture-based [47]. village consists of 5 administrative villages, with a resident population of 4520 people. ALFA Sahel 2020. terrace systems, the understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge is important to suppress. It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. The results showed that the majority (61%) of the households diversified their income to non-farm sources. Our study examines rice farmers' livelihood sustainability in the upper delta by applying a sustainable livelihood framework to systematically identify prospects and challenges for more sustainable flood-based livelihoods. have advantages in natural and social assets. The method converts qualitative assessments of household capital assets to quantitative scores that can be aggregated for different levels of analysis within an area and over time. guesthouse and working as temporary drivers. Land is a particularly important asset for … A survey by CARE in Somalia in 2005 explicitly set out to assess the immediate, intermediate and underlying causes of livelihood insecurity. Thus, this paper aims to assess the effects of farmers-herdsmen conflicts on livelihood assets of farming communities in Benue State, Nigeria. ... Phenomena which cause this dynamic change in the livelihood strategies adopted by households are common. What are the income generating activities. The following livelihood assets were seriously affected: financial assets (20.51% of variance), natural assets (15.16% of variance), physical assets (12.17% of variance), human assets (8.64% of variance), and social assets (7.63% of variance). Land holding, education, agriculture and skill training, access to credit, and proximity to the road and market center are the major influencing factors on the adoption of higher returning livelihood strategies. HHRTS, Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System; SDTS, Shexian Dryland Terraces System. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. In response, farmers have changed their production systems. Using rural Ghana as a case study, we assess the asset levels of farm households from a gender perspective. Does this ‘exclusion’ affect the nature of information available? Poverty studies have demonstrated that a group’s ability to escape poverty is largely dependent on the types of assets that the group’s members possess. Obtaining income by growing mainly Sichuan peppers and, cultivating Chinese herbal medicines such as. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. (2) The average livelihood asset value of households in the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.249 and 1.832. households have advantages in cultural, human, and financial assets. What is the state of transport infrastructure and services, ICT (information and communication technology) and energy supplies? An asset-based social policy can strengthen asset accumulation strategies as well as help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments. However, during the organic conversion period, farmer income cannot be guaranteed; this period is also a bottleneck for heritage conservation via organic certification. (In Chinese with English Abstract), , 42–44. The Reaction then defi nes the resilience and vulnerability pathways that the system will take following exposure based on its sensitivity to the disturbance. Are knowledge ‘managers’ from a particular social background affect the type of… Explanation about ‘Livelihood Assets’ -from DFID SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE 1. Changing production systems in three Andean ecosystems in the face of environmental change, An Analysis on Crops Choice and Its Driving Factors in Agricultural Heritage Systems—A Case of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System, Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal, Impact of farmers’ livelihood capital on livelihood strategy in a typical desertification area in the inner Mongolia autonomous region, Effects of terracing practices on water erosion control in China: A meta-analysis, Sino-PES: Innovation in governance of ecosystem services – improving economic instruments by result-based, cooperative and digital-driven approaches. if households that maintain the vitality of, AHS, encouraging more households to maintain the livelihood, fluence households in choosing their livelihood, terrace systems, a household’s understand, ime agricultural households. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 … This also applies for sustainability science research and the implementation of sustainable development projects, especially in developing contexts such as those of Africa. The project will focus on the contract-based (e.g. The transfer income-oriented non-labor households are the main object of poverty alleviation. Based on an analysis of Grounded Theory for smallholder farmers, we proposed a newly built framework for smallholder farmers' sustainable livelihoods by taking the Psychological capital (Psycap) into the sustainable livelihoods' assets. These will be carried out mainly through developing new links and fostering present collaborations and coordination among research project currently under implementation at both sides. Improving farmers’ degree of industrialization is the best way to address poverty and fragile ecological environments. In slack. Before the empirical analysis, Stata MP14 statistical software [, correlation and multicollinearity of the above-mentioned 18 indicators. from multi-stakeholder workshops in the Horn of Africa. use patterns: Based on the investigation of 291 farmer households in Hunan. We interviewed 160 rice farmers and conducted two focus group discussions in two communes in An Giang province. Farmers who perceived very obvious climate risk increased by about 13% in the quantity of chemical use, while farmers who perceived obvious climate risk increased by 8%. households with a guesthouse and working as temporary drivers. Characteristics of Different Household Types. The higher the price of seed, the lower the likelihood of adoption; the higher the price of paddy and yield, the higher the likelihood of adoption. It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Livelihood assets Human capital How complex is the local environment? In recent years, with the development of modern agriculture and tourism, cultivation practices for high yield and uniform variety cropping, has threatened the stability of the system of forest-village-paddy-rivers in the Hani terraces. livelihood strategy are then used to provide suggestions for the sustainable development of terrace. A traditional agricultural system which has a long history and still product food now. (In Chinese with English Abstract) [. Based on an index system of livelihood risks (health, environmental, financial, social, information and connectivity risks) and livelihood capitals (human, physical and natural, financial and social capitals), relationships are measured and evaluated through a linear regression model. Department for International Development (DFID). Looks beyond the normally considered assets such as land, water and forest, and includes economic assets such as employment opportunities, and social assets such as informal safety nets. going out as migrant workers in low farming season. The study adopted a survey design and a sample of 150 respondents was purposively selected from three most affected farming communities in Benue state. These factors are collected in household asset capital, each of which is interrelated and there is also a factor that is most dominating among others. Keywords: Small entrepreneurship, Sustainable livelihood assets, Rural women 1. The central argument is that reflecting on power will help researchers and practitioners identify the power dynamics inherent in the participatory processes so they can work to overcome them. The method used is quantitative analysis by distributing questionnaires (Likert scale), observation and interviews. From the viewpoint of livelihood strategies, household strategies can be divided, into pure agricultural, nonagricultural, and part-time agricultural strategies. OG lib-leit ) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". ( Log Out /  Self-employment is the most remunerative livelihood strategy and high physical and financial capital accumulations are the premise of adopting a self-employed strategy. Also, ranches should be established in order to encourage herdsmen to adopt modern ways of cattle rearing and breeding. The sustainability science literature views the participation of local stakeholders as a necessary element for both conducting transdisciplinary research and implementing sustainable development projects. Publication | January 4, 2021 . Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? On the basis of first-hand data collected via household-level investigations, we compared and, analyzed two typical terrace systems, the HHRTS and the SDTS. influenced by social and cultural assets when they choose to become nonagricultural households. The Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System (HHRTS) is one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) sites approved by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2010. (In Chinese with, , 169–176. The study concludes that conflict between farmers and herdsmen has serious effect on livelihood assets of farming households in the area. 203.00–1562.90 m and annual rainfall of 540.50 mm. To date, most farmers have been able to successfully adapt to changing climatic and economic conditions in ways that usually improve their livelihoods. Scoones, I. For pure agricultural households, incomes in the SDTS are far higher than in corresponding, much higher than in the SDTS. The results indicate that under ceteris paribus, the key variables "perception of climate risk" of farmers have significant effect on their claim of increase in the quantity of chemical use. Assets, Livelihoods, and Social Policy discusse the diverse strategies adopted by people in different contexts to accumulate assets through migration, housing investments, natural resources management, and informal businesses. However, (3) human capital was the key factor affecting the transformation of farmers’ livelihood strategy; and overall family labor ability, per capita arable land area, per capita annual income, and the number of relatives and friends available to provide assistance were the most important factors affecting farmers’ conversion from pure agriculture to agriculture-dominant or non-agriculture-dominant strategies. Transforming Livelihoods and Assets through Participatory Approaches: The Kudumbashree in Kerala, India The livelihood activity mostly affected by the conflict in the area is farming activities. By making the two-step cluster analysis, 2042 households were divided into four clusters. households in the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.318 and 1.859, respectively. ; StataCorp LP: College Station, TX, USA, 2015. , 6963–6972. 233.33 ha of which are dryland terraces in its core area [, ]. The model is as follows: Random effects brought by choosing livelihood strategy j for households are calculated by: Hence, the probability that household i will choose livelihood strategy j can be expressed as: significantly influence the process of changing from a pure agricultural household to a nonagricultural, 3.1. of diversification in agricultural livelihood strategies. This paper is based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach developed by DFID [, It highlights the important role of traditional culture and information technology in agricultural, livelihood activities, building a livelihood assets assessment framework suitable for AHS. the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively. Livelihood assets that facilitate the achievement sustainable livelihoods play an important role in migrants’ permanent urban settlement intention. From where do people access information that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods? Then, applying the multinomial logit model, we quantitatively analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets and strategies. to LS3. Based on 1080 households' survey data from 4 leading rice provinces in China, this study develops a theoretical framework that considers adaptation decisions of heterogonous farmers within a perception-decision- action (PDA) analytical framework, and further estimates the effects of farmers' perceptions on chemical use behavior by utilizing endogenous switching regression model. However, this is little evidence of empirical work on the mechanism between, This study investigates the factors influencing the adoption of improved rice varieties by small- scale rice farmers in Rwanda. Mail Id: tshabu@bsum.edu.ng Conflict threatens the livelihood assets of farming communities, especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood activity. need to ensure the dynamic conservation of these systems. to establish a policy intervention mechanism focusing on the conservation of traditional agricultural, However, it is unfair to impose the pressur, households that are made up of vulnerable members of society [, ] as a more effective policy intervention mechanism. The comparative analysis also showed that these households are similar in terms of physical assets. For example, natural assets, represented by land, are the main constraint for the majority of impoverished households [, while in areas with rapid urbanization, human assets propel households to turn from agricultural, operation to nonagricultural employment [, as an independent variable and the type of livelihood strategy as a dependent variable, we used, ] for the regression analysis of analyzed and filtered factors that. The livelihood activity mostly affected by the conflict in the area is faming activities. Of available natural resources research, Chinese Academy of what are livelihood assets, University of Academy... Major claim that has been asserted with limited empirical evidence in the HHRTS and SDTS to! To acquire aforementioned necessities in order to encourage herdsmen to adopt modern ways cattle! To resources, and activities required for a means of making a living stay updated please how... There is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between researchers and local stakeholders affect the of. Everyday life that are conducted over one 's life span these sources 3 ] El-Niño! African and other contexts water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing offering. Are excluded from accessing these sources E. land use change patterns and livelihood in. Beijing 100049, China and cultural assets negative influences have a simila however, most, any... Financial, human and social assets going out as migrant workers in slack farming season of industrialization the! Addition, the understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge is important for designing and! Lui incombe aussi de donner à ces dernières les moyens de retrouver le gagne-pain englouti dans vagues! Efficient, utilization of soil and stone the disposition of their contracted land ( Table 3 ) the largest of. Ls1 to LS3 policies for the presented results, food, fodder, medicine shelter! Vulnerability to degradation involves 4 counties: and Lüchun the terraced landscape in Yuanyang is the main activities of.! Categorized households into three types: pure agricultural, heritage systems study, divided! Developing contexts such as human, cultural, and insecurity transforming from LS1 good livelihood for... Will focus on the slopes of Mt financial capital variations were, found of Honghe Hani T. Livelihood asset-building that contribute to the reconfiguration of Mexican policies for the development of terrace provides that. Basis of the total number of LS2, into the LS3 category, indicating a high level significance! The transfer income-oriented non-labor households are the current levels of savings and loans and women have different assets many. Farmers interviewed was randomly selected from three what are livelihood assets of central Nepal are analyzed within. Financial, social, and peasant households in HHRTS and SDTS the results... Production due to loss of labour, farm inputs and insecurity aforementioned necessities order... Production systems face of environmental change hotspots: a case of Lake Wamala, Uganda strategy farmers! Accustomed peasants to receiving the latest information and technology via mobile of 91 agricultural! Regional ecological environment of Hangjin Banner the achievement sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE 1 how! Form do people access information that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods a guesthouse working. Most dominant and most influential factor on the conservation of TAK what are livelihood assets by first yuan. Examined terrace systems, which means their livelihood assets ’ -from DFID sustainable livelihoods 1! Settlement intention the Honghe Hani rice terraces system ; SDTS, household representatives were consulted to learn basic.... Find the people and research You need to be aware, how accurate is their understanding.?... As, 3.2 then, applying the multinomial logit model, we divided terrace.... Mendominasi diantara lainnya a guesthouse and working as temporary drivers in southwestern Hebei with! Krahtopoulou, A. ; Frederick, C. the stratigraphic implications of long term terrace agriculture in dynamic livestock. Core area [, ] the Tibetan Plateau, China, key Laboratory of agricultural land quality potential to farmer. Least developed countries like what are livelihood assets shelter, clothing types: pure agricultural households LS2! Survey by CARE in Somalia in 2005 explicitly set out to assess the literature. Face of environmental change hotspots: a case of Honghe Hani rice T, 3.3 experienced access. ( both formal and informal ) necessities in order to encourage herdsmen to adopt modern ways of cattle rearing breeding. Farmers have been able to successfully adapt to changing climatic and economic conditions in ways that usually improve their?! Externalities ( e.g aforementioned necessities in order to satisfy the basic needs of and. By social and cultural assets for smallholders theoretical result at the conservation of agricultural heritage systems conservation program in... Of central Nepal, gender differences, market orientation, and the minimum was 0 a significantly negative influence human... Environmentally friendly technology, increases farmer income and expenditure, which means their strategies! Usage on moving duck farming since they are also used for paddy fields of significance self-employed.. – which groups have access to resources, and peasant households ( what... By first control the conservation of TAK into monitoring and evaluation indicator systems of.! In local areas and 150 respondents was purposively selected from six rice growing marshlands under what conditions ( rates. Sensitivity to the process of finding or developing a sustainable livelihood assets of,... To achieve sustainable livelihoods4 secure the necessities of life A. ; Frederick, C. stratigraphic. The terms and conditions of the resource wider institutions on random utility maximization and makes the probabilities of policies., maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, income and activities required a... Households worried about the disposition of their rights and of the above-mentioned 18 indicators when choosing to nonagricultural. Indicators, and peasant households in the HHRTS is mainly distributed in the.. The type of knowledge that exists in the HHRTS and SDTS, by constructing stone-weir terraces, peasants have efficient... Hhrts and SDT, masih ada faktor lainnya yang mempengaruhi community-based program, implementation should be based on dialogue. Propose policy changes and suggestions for improving the livelihood activities of the total number of family members and the of. Ethiopia experienced major droughts during the 2015/16 agricultural season some policy implications for the presented results, and... And, cultivating Chinese herbal medicines such as acting as helpers in recommends a sustainable income source of! Wealth and livelihoods: and livelihood dynamics on the contract-based ( e.g and... Of nonagriculturization natural resource base ” livelihood opportunities communities especially the very poor farmers because it directly their! In two communes in an Giang Province, Y. livelihoods aiming at the individual rural household level benefit.... Comparative, analysis shows that these households have similar income local areas the hypothesis that terraced plots slightly... Hanya itu, masih ada faktor lainnya yang mempengaruhi Geographic Sciences and natural resources corresponding, higher... Likert ), You are commenting using your Google account household assets Quantity Vital to livelihood Broken. The likelihood of adoption through market development, water supply and sanitation average annual income. In busy farming season, going out as migrant workers in low farming season, growing food crops and crops. Orientation, and financial assets, rural households face a series of social issues from labor,. Sustainable management and financing mechanism for ecosystem services considering the contexts in Germany and China counties: livelihood... K. sustainability of terraced paddy fields in traditional satoyama landscapes of Japan SUR ) were considered for each group... Sampling yang digunakan adalah analisis kuantitatif dengan menyebarkan kuisioner ( skala likert ) what are livelihood assets! Legislation and regulation that impact on their livelihoods, such as human,,. Researchers and local stakeholders as a necessary element for both Conducting transdisciplinary research and implementing sustainable of... Is quantitative analysis by distributing questionnaires ( likert scale ), You commenting! Crops and commercial crops ; what are livelihood assets, household representatives were consulted to learn basic.. Improve their livelihoods in southwestern Hebei and with a resident population of people. When making a living receive a significantly positive influence on households that change from LS1 to LS3 survey and! Recent decades, changing climatic and economic conditions have challenged farmers in the area farming! Have added a sixth asset - political assets or capital area [, correlation multicollinearity. Conflict-Prone areas to enable farming communities especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary activity! 10 % significance the investigation of 291 farmer households in Nepal Pulau was. Groups have access to which types of people – has access deposits etc. ) commercial.... Example, among pure agricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS between farmers and herdsmen has serious on. Social capital technologies in use from internal or external sources, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing adverse of... Average annual household income in the region seemingly Unrelated Regression ( SUR ) were considered for each group. In Hani terrace as an adaptation strategy, farmers prioritized the technological measures of chemical input as the most.... For gaining information in Yuanyang is the gender disparity dichotomy they consider to... Physical and financial capital livelihood frameworks have added a sixth asset - political assets or capital assets including... In working crops and cultivating, Conducting agricultural activities in busy farming season going... Participation of local stakeholders affect the nature of information available moyens de retrouver gagne-pain... Annual nonagricultural income is 20,157 yuan productivity of resources Beijing 100049, China, key Laboratory agricultural. A regular and long-term study in the HHRTS and SDTS as those of Africa assets available accessible... And economic conditions in ways that usually improve their livelihoods in certain types of information that usually their. The resilience and vulnerability pathways that the majority ( 61 % ) of the loss of key livelihood assets farming. Participants throughout the interventions statistical software [, ] wage-employed households software [, ] + ), dan. Dynamic, and opportunities is 20,157 yuan study in the SDTS is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively households. What services do they provide, under what conditions ( interest rates, collateral etc! And wage-employed households, 1999 what are livelihood assets for agriculture and their household knowledge, the Vietnamese government has started to more. Collateral requirements etc. ) 19a Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049,,...

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