Finally, the Mulekites show us that the Book of Mormon was written by real people with real social challenges. The Lamanites "marched to the borders of the land Bountiful, driving the Nephites before them and slaying many" (Alma 51:28). The northern group, called Mulekites in their land of Zarahemla, were separated from the Nephites by the mountain range in the wilderness strip which goes from sea to sea. Where do ocean-going migrants typically locate first generation cities? Answer: The Mulekites did not establish Zarahemla among the Jaredites. Many journeys suffered delays or outright failure because the guides became disoriented and could not decide which way to go. The Mulekites “At this time,” explained John W. Welch, “the land of Zarahemla had become a very diverse place because of several major demographic changes.”2 First, there had been the merger of the Nephites and the Mulekites two generations earlier (Omni 1:12–19). Answer: No. People who had been on the trail recently and more or less knew the way still did a lot of wandering around, . The Mulekites landed in the area where the Jaredites lived … Monuments at La Venta dating to the Mulekite time period record the visit of foreign people whose beards and facial features would have been at home in ancient Jerusalem. With the River Sidon identified, we can go on to identify the location of the City and Land of Zarahemla. So, in summary, the SNHAAPMT model which has passed a rigorous audit with a perfect score of 100% places the first Mulekite landfall at the mouth of the ancient Grijalva, modern Tonala river not far from La Venta. 600 BC just as Greek historian Herodotus (ca. This is the famous La Venta Stela 3 dubbed the "Uncle Sam" stela which dates to 600 - 550 BC. The proposed first Mulekite landing near La Venta in the Olmec heartland could reasonably have been proximate to the massive destruction mentioned in, Some Book of Mormon modelers over the years have tried to correlate La Venta with the city of Mulek based on the likely Mulekite/Olmec interaction in the Olmec capital recorded on stone monuments such as Stela 3 and the Nephite cultural pattern of naming cities after their founder. Ancient iconography at La Venta strongly supports the idea of foreign visitors about the time the Mulekites would have landed. . 11 And again, they have brought swords, the hilts thereof have perished, and the blades thereof were cankered with rust; and there is no one in the land that is able to interpret the language or the engravings that are on the plates. Tabasco is in the northern tier of a viable land southward as the text requires and the Usumacinta area had wilderness characteristics when the Mulekites first arived. When looking at the Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio regions, better known as the Havana Hopewell Region, as the settings for the Lands Northward and keeping that in mind while studying the Book of Mormon a new picture starts to form. ... Nephi, the son of Helaman, departs out of the land, and his son Nephi keeps the records. Coriantumr must have died among the Mulekites after this, because Ether’s prophetic curse (Ether 13:21) specified that Coriantumr “should only live to see…another people receiving the land for their inheritance; and…receive a burial by them”. The proposed first landing near La Venta is in the Olmec heartland which can reasonably accommodate the Jaredite destruction narrative including a likely hill Ramah/Cumorah. The “Mulekites” (a term never used in the Book of Mormon) are barely mentioned in the Nephite record. This of course required a route across the Atlantic Ocean, not the Pacific. When the Mulekites arrived in the Promised Land, the Jaredites constituted a high majority of the people. We may surmise that because the Lamanites and robbers occupied the Western Seashore, the Mulekites would have avoided them and ventured inland, no doubt following the Buffalo River as they went. Then, after a huge leap forward in time, two migrations took place that were almost contemporaneous. It is the first place up the Mississippi river from the Gulf Coast that, historically, was impassable for large ships, due to the Des Moines rapids located just south of there. The Usumacinta in Tabasco and northern Chiapas is such a setting. .” (1830 Book Of Mormon, Pgs. There is a good reason why the Mulekites would have stopped in Iowa, across from Nauvoo. Tracks became impossible to follow after only a few days, . Mosiah translates Coriantumr's record. 422-423, The Book of Helaman, Chapter II) The wicked plan to slay the righteous if Samuel’s signs are not given. 484 BC - ca. Subsequent travel happened intermittently, but the routes were not yet well-established. The Mulekites almost certainly did not abandon their ocean-going vessel(s) and portage their goods inland past the fall line on their river of choice. The Mulekites did not migrate very far away from their original homeland in Zarahemla, . Former Nephites introduced writing to the Lamanites, , which fueled an immediate economic boom. The Mulekites, or at least a branch of the Mulekites, may have lived among the Jaredites from the Mulekites' arrival in the New World in the sixth century B.C. Amaleki makes this perfectly clear that the Mulekites land in the area where Mosiah found them (Omni 1:16). There was little or no regular communication, . This underscores the fact that all three groups were located in geographically separate areas, the Jaredites in the land northward (v. 22), the Nephites to the south in the land of Nephi, and the Mulekites in the middle. The Book of Mormon text specifically says they established their city in a wilderness, . Given what we know of Phoenician settlement patterns in the Old World, we would expect them to favor a city site close to the seacoast at a good harbor or along a large river downstream from the fall line. and 250 B.C. They lived on the margins of and somewhat isolated from the strong influence of the Jaredite culture core. As Itzhak Perlman is to Violonists, the Book of Mo... Phoenicians could have circumnavigated Africa ca. The Mulekites arrived in the New World ca. Well, Israel, of course, silly! The Jaredites (/ ˈ dʒ ær ə d aɪ t /) are one of four peoples (along with the Nephites, Lamanites, and Mulekites) that the Latter-day Saints believe settled in ancient America.. Nephite or Mulekite, Whos Culture Dominated? The Mulekites crossed the ocean to the New World sometime after the Babylonians captured Jerusalem. The social strife between these groups, often hinted at throughout the Book of Mormon, provides a warning for modern readers. Coriantumr lived the last few months of his life among a strange people, . . How did the Mulekites lose their language? . Pacumeni seeing this did flee to the walls and Coriantumr pursued and slew him against the walls. All the indigenous people in the Western Hemisphere came from Israel at one time or another. The Mulekites landed twice, once in the land northward near the place where the Jaredites were destroyed. 425 BC) says they did. Think Boston on the Charles, New York on the Hudson, Philadelphia on the Delaware and Augusta on the Savannah. Several lines of reasoning about the Mulekite ocean voyage across the Atlantic point to Tabasco, Mexico, as likely landing locations. Their languages evolved to become so dissimilar that at initial contact they could not understand each other. Their histories were parallel in many ways. Zoramites = Cherokee Mulekites = Algonquian Hagoth = Polynesians. It remained a mystery to them until Mosiah I come down to Zarahemla from Nephi with the interpreters which allowed him to read Coriantumr's inscription. Share on Facebook. If La Venta stone carvings do not represent Mulekite/Olmec interaction, they show people with physical features similar to those we would expect in a Mulekite population visiting the Olmec capital at about the time the Mulekites arrived in the New World. , then coasting along the Gulf of Campeche. 586 BC and Mosiah I did not lead a group of Nephites from the city of Nephi to the lesser land of Zarahemla until ca. 550 BC, Proposed Zarahemla in the Coastal Plain Between Swamps and Mountains, Proposed Mulekite Landfall 60 Air Kilometers from Likely Ramah/Cumorah, Dozens of Known Archaeological Sites in the Olmec Heartland. This would make the journey from the land of Nephi to the land of the Mulekites a total of twenty days. The SNHAAPMT model correlates the city of Zarahemla with the ancient pre-classic site of Nueva Esperanza/Calatraba in northern Chiapas. by Nephi and other New World scribes. Ether's plates (historical records), together with the decayed remains from the final Jaredite battle were later found by a group of lost Nephites who were searching for the city of Zarahemla ( Mosiah 8:8-11 ). To produce a map that shows where the Lamanites of the world are located today, the mapmaker must first decide exactly what a Lamanite is. The best Book of Mormon scholarship has the Mulekites landing first at the mouth of the Papaloapan River in southern Veracruz. The Route of the Mulekites We now turn our attention to another group of Jewish refugees who also made their way to America at about the same time as Lehi, the Mulekites. The site is riverside west of the Usumacinta in the coastal plain upstream from the perennial flood zone and downstream from the fall line. 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