The most conspicuous demographic trend has been the move from the farms to the cities, a trend that has continued with further technological advances in farming and the increasing size of individual landholdings. Charlie “Yardbird” Parker (1920-1955) – Kansas City jazz saxophonist. Kansapedia Topic: People. Eli Thayer (1819-1899) – Educator, inventor, Congressman, and one of the organizers of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. Apart from industrialization and agriculture, the state is also popular for being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over. Blackbear Bosin – (1921-1980) – An artist of Kiowa– Comanche ancestry. Adair, Samuel Lyle. You May Be Surprised To Learn These 11 Famous People Are From Kansas. Along with Thomas Hart Benton and Grant Wood, he was hailed as one of the three great painters of American Regionalism of the first half of the 20th century. He arrested more alleged outlaws, with a warrant than any other lawman in the West. Hugh Sleight Walsh (1810-1877) – Secretary and acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Charles Ransford Jennison (1834-1884) – A physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the Redlegs. While serving as a lawman, he made a failed attempt to rob a bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas on April 30, 1884. Three sisters barricaded themselves in a Wyandot cemetery in downtown Kansas City, Kansas, in the early 1900s, in order to save it from destruction. Joe Engle (1932-present) From Chapman commanded the STS-2 Space Shuttle and was a U.S. Air Force colonel. Hamilton Butler Bell (1853-1947) – Sheriff of Ford County, Kansas for three decades following lawman Bat Masterson. Walter Percy Chrysler (1875-1940) – Born in Wamego and raised in Ellis, Chrysler was machinist, railroad man, automotive industry executive, and founder of the Chrysler Corporation. Samuel Newitt Wood (1825-1891) – Free-State advocate and politician, Wood was killed in the “Stevens County War.”. William Allen White (1868-1944) – From Emporia, White was an editor, publisher, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner. – A pioneer and business of central Kansas, Wellington was a founder of and essential in developing the cities of Carneiro and Ellsworth. Charles H. Withington (1816-1881) – A blacksmith for the Sac and Fox Indians, Withington was the first white settler in Lyon County, Kansas. Find more more Kansas famous people below. In many popular histories, including Howard Zinn’s People’s History of the United States, the Populists are depicted as failures, crushed by almighty capital after selling out to make alliances with Democrats. Mary Elizabeth. Daniel R. Anthony (1824-1904) – Journalist, soldier, and politician from Leavenworth. This state became part of the US in 1803, when the French sold mass amounts of land to the US in the Louisiana Purchase. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator. ?- 1855) – Free state supporter, was shot and killed by a pro-slavery advocate. Somehow, the prairie dust gets in your blood, and it flows through your veins until it becomes a part of you. Julia Louisa Lovejoy (1812-1882) – Ardent abolitionist who lived in Manhattan and Lawrence. Leavenworth, the state’s oldest city, is built around government institutions, including an army post at Fort Leavenworth, a federal prison, a state penitentiary (in the bordering city of Lansing), and a veterans’ hospital. Jacob Cantrell (18?-1856) – An early settler of Douglas County, Cantrell was killed by pro-slavery advocates. Eugene Fitch Ware (1841-1911) – Nicknamed “Ironquill,” Ware was a lawyer and poet. The number of people unemployed in Kansas peaked in April 2020 at 179,494. Kansas didn’t really get settled by Europeans until the mid-1850’s though most towns were founded in the 1880’s. Edward Winslow Wellington (1853-19??) Harry Hines Woodring (1887-1967) – From Elk City, Woodring was a banker, Democratic governor of Kansas, and U.S. Secretary of War. John Brown (1800-1859) – Abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end all slavery. Frederick Funston (1865-1917) – From Iola, Funston was an adventurer, colonel of the Twentieth Kansas Volunteer Regiment, general in the regular U.S. army, and received Congressional Medal of Honor for action during Philippine Insurrection. Paul M. Ponziglione (1818-1900) – One of the early Catholic missionaries in Kansas. You may not even realize many of these famous people were born in Kansas or notable associated with Kansas, including actors, actresses, explorers, historical figures, inventors, musicians, novelists, professional athletes, important politicians, singers, sport stars and more. They hunted American bison. Martin Franklin Conway ( 1827-1882) – From Leavenworth, Conway was the first U.S. John Davis (1820-1901) – Free-State advocate, member of congress, publisher and author. In Topeka, where state government once was the largest employer, more people now have nongovernment service jobs. Thomas Sears Huffaker (1825-1910) – A pioneer teacher of Kansas, one of the founders of Council Grove, and a politician. – From Concordia, Corbett is credited with shooting John Wilkes Booth. John H. Stringfellow (1819-1905) – An early physician of Kansas, one of the founders of Atchison, a pro-slavery advocate, border ruffian, and Speaker of the House in the First Territorial Legislature. Martin Johnson ( 1884-1937) – From Lincoln, Martin and his wife, Osa, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. ?-1851) – An early Catholic Missionary to the Kickapoo Indians. Benjamin F. Stringfellow (1816-1891) – Lawyer and pro-slavery leader in Kansas. Robert James Walker (1801-1869) – The fourth Territorial Governor of Kansas. Later, she was among the first four women to serve in the Kansas House of Representatives from 1921 to 1924. Henry Newton Brown (1857-1884) – Brown fought with the Regulators in the Lincoln County War of New Mexico. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) – Wichita and Dodge City lawman. Henry J. Allen (1868-1950) – Publisher, governor, and U.S. The state is mainly Protestant, with large communities of Methodists, Baptists, and Lutherans. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. James Madison Harvey (1833-1894) – The fifth governor of Kansas. Samuel Medary (1801-1864) – The last regularly appointed territorial governor of Kansas. Minnie J. Grinstead (18? He and two other men were lynched by a vigilante mob in Caldwell, Kansas on July 29, 1874. Kansas City, Kansas, is contiguous with its larger neighbour, Kansas City, Missouri, and contains a significant part of the industrial complex of that region, as does neighbouring Johnson county. Arthur Capper (1865-1951) – Publisher, governor, and U.S. There, he operated a successful store along the Santa Fe Trail, as well as serving as a mail agent. Albin K. Longren (1882-1950) From Topeka and Leonardville, Longren was an aviator and engineer. More thinly populated than the east, western Kansas has always feared and fought eastern domination, while the east often has ignored the west. Later, French fur trappers came to the area. Willis Joshua Bailey (1854-1932) – U.S. Representative and Sixteenth Governor of Kansas. Daniel Woodson (1824-1994) – The first secretary and several times acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Katherine Richards O’Hare (1877-1948) – From Ada, she was a Socialist, novelist, and anti-war activist. Isaac T. Goodnow (1814-1894) – From Manhattan, Goodnow was a Free-State supporter and founded Bluemont College which later became Kansas State University. Bernard W. Rogers (1921-2008) – From Fairview, he was an American general who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander, and Commander in Chief, United States European Command. It is thought that the Kansa had migrated to this location from an earlier prehistoric territory on the Atlantic coast. Get Kansas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. Congressman to represent Kansas. William Lindsay White (1900-1973) – From Emporia, White was an editor, radio correspondent during World War II, and author. There are now 93,285 fewer people unemployed in the state. Emanuel Haldeman-Julius, aka: Emanuel Julius (1889-1951) – From Girard, Emanuel was an author, publisher, and social reformer. George W. Glick (1827-1911) – The ninth governor of Kansas. Georgia Neese Clark Gray (1900-1995) – From Richland, she was the first woman to serve as U.S. Treasurer. Coleman Hawkins (1904-1969) – From Topeka, he was a jazz saxophonist who played with Dizzy Gillespie, Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. Environment (1) Wichita (2) Overland Park (3) Kansas City (4) Olathe (5) Topeka (6) Lawrence (7) Shawnee (8) Manhattan Clarence Batchelor (1888-1977) – Received a Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for editorial cartoons. George Washington Clarke – A pro-slavery border ruffian, Clarke was involved in a number of Bleeding Kansas skirmishes before he was finally driven from the state permanently in 1858. He was immediately captured and hanged the same day by vigilantes. Notable Events in Kansas History. Thomas A. Osborn (1836-1898) – The sixth governor of Kansas from 1873 to 1877. James William Denver (18? He was appointed the twentieth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1970. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. Edgar Watson Howe (1853-1937) – Newspaper and magazine editor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. William “Bat” Masterson (1853-1921) – Ford County sheriff, gunfighter, and friend to Wyatt Earp. Kansas Unemployed. Bernard Warkentin (1849-1908) – Originally from Russia, Warkentin was among the Mennonite settlers who came to Kansas in 1873. Samuel M. Irvin (1812-1887) – An early missionary and teacher to the Sac and Fox Indians. Pedro De Castaneda – A chronicler of the Coronado Expedition to Quivira. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains, Kansas was once seen as the country’s agricultural heartland; some nine-tenths of its land area is still used for agriculture. ?-1864) – Military Officer and Civil War casualty. Alfred M. Landon (1887-1987) – From Independence and Topeka, Landon was Kansas Governor and 1936 Republican presidential candidate. Ray Hugh Garvey (1893-1959) – From Topeka, Garvey was a wheat farmer who, in 1947 harvested a one million bushel wheat crop, believed to be the largest for an individual in America. Senator. Jotham Meeker (1804-1855)  – A missionary at the Ottawa Mission. A  stagecoach laden with mail and passengers marks the center of the canvas; a Pony Express rider and a Native American exchange fire on the left side; a vulture flies above the rider, symbolizing imminent danger and death. William L. “Buffalo Bill” Brooks (1832-1874) – Lawman turned outlaw, Brooks served as Marshal in Newton and Dodge City, Kansas, before being arrested for horse theft. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one section (a square mile, or 640 acres [259 hectares]) of land, though a farmer’s holdings may not always be contiguous. Carry A. By the mid-18th century, the “Wind People” were the predominant tribe in what became the state to which they gave their name (Kansas). Edmund Needham Morrill (1834-1909) – The thirteenth governor of the State of Kansas. E. M. Laird – From Wichita, Laird was a co-founder of the Wichita aircraft industry. Victor Murdock (1871-1945) – Journalist and member of Congress. William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846-1917) – Raised in Leavenworth, Cody was a Pony Express rider, buffalo hunter, soldier, scout, and “Wild West Show” promoter. The result was the launching of “People to People” in October of 1961. Adams, Henry J. Adams, John H. Adams, Stanley. Julius changed his name after he married Anna Marcet Haldeman. He was well-traveled and known for his sharp wit in his editorials. Geographical and historical treatment of Kansas, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. She herself was also a singer, as well as an actress, composer, author, and poet. Damon Runyon (1884-1946) – From Manhattan, he was a short story writer and journalist. Walter “Big Train” Johnson ( 1887-1946) – From Humboldt, Johnson was a pitcher for the Washington Senators and inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936. Seth M. Hays (1811-1873) – The grandson of Daniel Boone, Seth M. Hays was the first white settler and Santa Fe Trail trader in Morris County, Kansas. Your email address will not be published. Franklin George Adams (1824-1899) – Free-State advocate, teacher, attorney and publisher. The Kansas City–Lawrence–Topeka area of northeastern Kansas, containing three metropolitan areas, is even more populous and is the centre of much industry. Congressman and businessman from Lawrence. Kansas Redlegs – Although the “Red Legs” are commonly associated with the Jayhawkers of the Bleeding Kansas era and the Civil War, they were actually a separate guerilla unit that only fought during the Civil War. Charles F. Scott (1860-1938) – Journalist, newspaper publisher, and member of Congress from Iola. Kansas suffered during most of its history from two kinds of regionalism: one that pits rural against city dwellers and another that sets the east against the west. Dictionary of American History, This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. Alvin “Creepy” Karpis (1908-1979) – Raised in Topeka, Karpis was a bank robber, bootlegger, who spent time in Alcatraz. The tribe known as Kaw have also been known as the "People of the South wind", "People of … Charles Curtis (1860-1939) – Of Kanza Indian descent, Curtis served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, and as Vice President of the United States. Small and medium industries have accounted for increasing proportions of the overall numbers of employees. There is now a small but growing Hispanic minority—less than one-tenth of the population—and a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans. In observance of the Kansas 150, Governor Sam Brownback's Blue Ribbon Panel for Kansas History announced 12 Notable Events in Kansas History on January 24, 2012, in Topeka. Osa Johnson ( 1894-1953) From Chanute, Osa and her husband Martin, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Charles Rath (1836-1902) – Merchant, buffalo hunter, and freighter, Rath was one of the original organizers of Ford County County, Kansas. It goes with you, wherever you go. Charlie Angell, Sr. (1881-1927) – Inventor of several agricultural improvements to machinery. R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. Senator. Delano Lewis (1938-present) – From Topeka and Arkansas City, Lewis was a U.S. Department of Justice attorney, Director of the Peace Corps in Nigeria and Uganda, and first African American president of National Public Radio. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim (1814-1866) – Principal leader of anti-slavery forces in Kansas during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and the Civil War. William Henry Lewis (1829-1878) – Army officer who participated in both the Civil War and the Indian Wars. John Alexander Martin (1839-1889)- The 10th governor of the State of Kansas from 1885 to 1889. David J. Early History of Native Americans in Kansas The Indigenous People of Alabama The names of the Kansas tribes included the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Kansa, Kiowa, Missouria, Osage, Otoe, Pawnee, Illinois and Iroquois. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. John James Ingalls ( 1833-1900) – From Atchison, Ingalls served in the U.S. Senate and submitted the design for the state seal and proposed the state motto. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one … Harrison Kelley (1836-1897) – A soldier and member of Congress. Robert S. Kelley (1831-1890) – Pro-slavery partisan during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and U.S. Lyman Underwood Humphrey (1844-1915) – The 11th governor of the State of Kansas. John Pierce St. John (1833-1916) – The eighth governor of the State of Kansas. Don Coldsmith ( 1926-present) – Physician, professor, and author of several western fiction books and articles. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Fry W. Giles (1819-1898) – Businessman, author, and one of the founders of Topeka. William A. Peffer (1831-1912) –   Soldier, publisher, and United States Senator. Blanche K. Bruce – First African American graduate of the University of Kansas in 1885. Ben Hibbs (1901-1975) – From Pretty Prairie, Hibbs became the editor of the Saturday Evening Post and Reader’s Digest. Elizabeth “Grandma” Layton (1909-1993) – From Wellsville, Layton became a renowned artist. Franklin Albert Root (1837-1926) – Author, stage messenger, and publisher. Bradbury Thompson (1911-1995) – From Topeka, he was an influential American graphic designer and art director. Grain elevators, Mingo, northwestern Kansas. Jim Ryun (1947-present) – From Wichita, Ryun was the World’s Outstanding Athlete in 1966-1967, a three-time Olympian, set a world track record for the mile in 1966, and member of U.S. Congress. Kansas was originally home to Native American tribes living on America’s Great Plains, such as the Kansa and Osage Nation. George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – An agricultural scientist, Carver mortgaged his Kansas homestead to go to college. John Dunbar (1804-1857) –  Clergyman, missionary to the Pawnee Indians, and first treasurer of Brown County, Kansas. John Charles Fremont (1813-1890) – Was an explorer, military officer, and politician who led multiple surveying expeditions, known as Fremont’s Expeditions, through the western territory of the United States, including Kansas. John A. Halderman (1833?-1908) – Soldier, statesman, and diplomat from Leavenworth. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Chicago, Illinois by Jack Delano, 1943. Anna Marcet Haldeman-Julius (1887-1941) – From Girard, she was an actress, bank president, and author. Esther Brown ( 1917-1976) – Civil rights advocate from Kansas City. Edgar Lee Masters (1869-1950) – From Garnett, Masters was a poet and biographer. William F. Cloud (1825-1905) – Soldier and Indian fighter in Kansas, Could County is named in his honor. Elizabeth Carter (1835-1883) – One of the pioneer mission teachers of Kansas. Thomas Johnson (1802-1865) – A Methodist minister and member of the first territorial legislature of Kansas, he was killed by Missouri bushwhackers. Frank Carlson (1893-1987) – From Concordia, Carlson served in the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senate, and as governor. Grenville L. Gove (18? Justin De Witt Bowersock (1842-1922) – U.S. Kansas is named for the Kansas River that creates the northeast border. Henry J. Adams (1816-1870) – Lawyer, Free-State advocate, politician, and soldier. Samuel D. Lecompte (1814-1888) – First chief justice of the Territory of Kansas, pro-slavery advocate, and railroad builder. Kathyrn O’Loughlin McCarthy (1894-1952) – Hays lawyer and first Kansas woman to serve in the U.S. Congress. Robert Docking (1925-1983) – 38th Governor of Kansas from 1967 until 1975. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. Henry Theodore Titus (1823-1881) – A solider and pro-slavery advocate who was involved in several skirmishes of the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Amos Adams Lawrence (1814-1886) – A Free-State advocate, the city of Lawrence, Kansas was named for him. The concept of People to People represented part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s lifelong crusade for peace. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas … James G. Blunt (1826-1881) – Physician and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War. Listen to 10 episodes of A People's History of Kansas City on Podbay - the best podcast player on the web. Thomas R. Boston Corbett ( 1832-??) Edward Grafstrom (1862-1906) – A mechanical engineer for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, he gave his life while trying to save many who were stranded in the great flood at Topeka. Kanza Chief White Plume by Charles Bird King about 1822. Settlement patterns. Overland Park, in Johnson county, was incorporated as a city only in 1960 but by the end of the 20th century had overtaken even Kansas City in population; several large corporations are based there. Augustus Wattles (1807-1876) – An ardent abolitionist, Wattles came to Kansas from Ohio to help with the Free-State Movement. Samuel F. Tappan (1831-1913) – A journalist, military officer, abolitionist, and a Native American rights activist. Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000) – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet from Topeka. She was the 42nd Governor of Kansas from 1991 to 1995. Fred Harvey (1835-1901) – From Leavenworth, Harvey started the national chain of famous Harvey House restaurants and hotels that once stood at many of the railroad stations in the West. ?-1894) – Secretary and governor of the Territory of Kansas. Milton W. Reynolds (1823-1890) – Writer, politician and newspaper publisher. Richard Cordley (1829-1904) – Author and minister, Cordley was present at the Lawrence Massacre and lived to write about it. Henry Clay Pate (18? Julius Augustus Wayland (1854-1912) Having his base of operations in Girard, Wayland was the founder of Socialist newspaper, Appeal to Reason. Eastern Kansas began with small farms, some of no more than 40 acres (16 hectares), but these have grown. Learn how your comment data is processed. George A. Crawford (1827-1891) – Lawyer, journalist, and founder of Fort Scott, Kansas. Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) ­ Leader in the American Anti­-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution. Are agreeing to news, offers, and founder of Emporia thomas,. And articles, the City of Lawrence and a survey of its people,,! In 1937 for editorial cartoons A. 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