Flower of the sacred datura, or sacred thornapple (. Leaves are variable in shape, size, and color but are generally more or less heart-shaped and green with purple markings. The single flowers are funnelshaped and white or pale purple but are rarely seen in temperate regions. The scientific name of Sweet Potato is the botanical name or formal name. This answers first letter of which starts with S and can be found at the end of S. ... Third-most common Chinese surname, after Wang and Li crossword clue Insect flying in a cloud crossword clue Cincinnati squad crossword … Other Names: Solanum americanum, Solanum interius, Solanum ptychanthum. Ornamental Plants: Many plants are cultivated in the gardens for their beautiful flowers. The family is characterized by solitary or clustered flowers with sepals and petals, five in number and fused; five stamens; and a superior ovary (i.e., one situated above the attachment point of the other flower parts), composed of two fused carpels (ovule-bearing segments) and obliquely placed in the flower upon a basal disk of tissue. These plants are distributed in temperate and tropical areas. . The people of Ireland completely depend on potato for food. Thanks bilogyboom.com Like other red potatoes, red fingerling varieties hold their shape well and are low in starch. Clammy Ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Status Under Review. Very few members are found in temperate regions, and only about 50 species are found in the United States and Canada combined. Related Links. The sweet potatoe or sweetpotatoe (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. Potato is also used to make medicine. It leaves are dried and made into tobacco. The potato family, Solanaceae, is a family of flowering plants that contains a number of important … Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum. The people of Ireland completely depend on potato for food. FAMILY 9: Cucurbitaceae – Gourd Family characters, Floral formula & species, FAMILY 6: Rutaceae – characters , Floral formula, importance & pattern, Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) – characters , importance , pattern, ROSE FAMILY: ROSACEAE – characters , floral formula and importance, Answer of Question of Reproduction & Development, DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS FOR OBJECTIVES. In 1920 there was 1 Potatoes family living in Alaska. Scientists believe that sweet potato was domesticated thousands of years ago in Central America. Africa. They produce an edible "storage root" which is non-toxic and under proper "curing" conditions converts part of its starches to sugars making it sweet. Please send me all botany related topics by my mail. They are used as condiments . These are used in many medicines. Solanum melangena (egg plant or brinjak’): It is also used as food. Pennsylvania had the highest population of Potato families in 1920. Members of the Solanaceae family are found throughout the world but are most abundant and widely distributed in the tropical regions of Latin America, where about 40 genera are endemic. The fleshy part of the root (potato) is commonly eaten as a vegetable. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as The Great Famine or Great Hunger lasted from 1845 to 1850 and resulted in a … The Potatoes family name was found in the USA in 1920. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? Lysopersicum esculentum (tomato): Once it was believed to be a poisonous plant. The potato is originally derived from the Andes of South America where Native Americans cultivated potatoes and other tubers by 10,000 years ago in the high Andean mountains of Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.. Omissions? Climbing Nightshade Solanum dulcamara. are rich in vitamin C and Vitamin A. After his first voyage to the Americas in 1492, Christopher Columbus took sweet potatoes back home to Europe. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wetland Status. Family sites on MyHeritage with the last name Potato: Corrections? Do more research from your reference books. Non-native Species. Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum. (4-jet-Ground-Cherry): it produces an edible fruit. Sweet potato is a perennial that is usually grown as an annual. Tobacco: Nicotiana tobacum (tobacco) has great commercial value. Examples: Petunia, Nicotiana, Cestrum and Solanum etc. Your email address will not be published. The rest is grown in … This tobacco is used for making cigarettes. The genus Solanum contains almost half of all the species in the family, including all the species of wild potatoes found in the Western Hemisphere. In 1920 there were 2 Potato families living in Pennsylvania. Atropa belladonna, Datura are rich in atropine and daturines. हामी सबै नेपाली को चाहना "शान्त सुध्रिढ र समुन्नत नेपाल" - Peaceful prosperous and developed Nepal. 2. Family - Potato Family - Solanaceae . The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Placentation axile. It grows from underground tuberous roots with trailing, twisting stems that can be as long as twenty feet (six meters). Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. lycopersicum); peppers (various Capsicum species); tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum and N. rustica); belladonna (Atropa belladonna); the poisonous jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) and nightshades (S. nigrum, S. dulcamara, and others); and many garden ornamentals, such as the genera Browallia, Brugmansia, Brunfelsia, Cestrum, Datura, Lycium, Nicotiana, Nierembergia, Petunia, Salpiglossis, Schizanthus, Solandra, Solanum, and Streptosolen. So it is called. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from Canada to southern Chile. It leaves are dried and made into tobacco. Solanum tubersum (potato-white or Irish potato): It is an important plant in this family. Sweet potato, ( Ipomoea batatas ), food plant of the morning glory family ( Convolvulaceae ), native to tropical America. .thnks, Your email address will not be published. So it is called husk tomato. Domain: Eukarya – Organisms with membrane-bound organelles and a true nucleus. |. . Preparation: 1. Now it is used as a vegetable. Now it is used as a vegetable. The stem is glabrous or hairy or its both?? This fruit is enclosed in a bladder like calyx called husk. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. There are more than 600 scientific names for cultivated potatoes, but they fall into four species: Solanum ajanhuiri, Solanum curtilobum, Solanum juzepczukii and Solanum tuberosum. The most Potato families were found in the USA in 1920. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Required fields are marked *. 5 stamens; epipetalous; anther free or united; basifixed. White potatoes range from small to large in size, with shapes from round to oblong and white or tan exteriors. Reds possess a waxy, yet creamy, texture. Alaska had the highest population of Potatoes families in 1920. Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, or small tree. Now it is used as a vegetable. It’s very very good site, Hy . species of this family are present in Pakistan. e.g. Overview Information Potato is a plant. The most Potato families were found in the USA in 1920. It is used as food. The Beetroot Family, Chenopodioideae, is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Amaranthaceae. BabyCenter is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. They are unrelated to true potatoes which are Nightshades. It is one of the oldest vegetables known to mankind. Place in a bowl and add the oil and salt, mix to combine. The most economically important genus of the family [citation needed] is Solanum, which contains the potato (S. tuberosum, in fact, another common name of the family is the "potato family"), the tomato (S. lycopersicum), and the eggplant or aubergine (S. melongena). The people of Ireland completely depend on potato for food. Kingdom: Plantae – Plants . Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Solanaceae, Department of Botany - University of Hawaii at Manoa - Solanaceae. Examples: species. Members of the family are annuals, biennials, or perennials and are usually herbs, though some species grow as shrubs or small trees. Fingerlings are a type of potato named for their shape -- the potatoes are long and narrow, looking a little like fingers, rather than round or oval in shape. Unrelated to true potatoes which are Nightshades add the oil and salt, mix to combine clue possible is! 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