The Second Empire style was characterized by a multifarious mix of earlier European styles—particularly Baroque—often having mansard roofs and square based domes. 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Second Empire est un style architectural, le plus populaire dans la seconde moitié du 19ème siècle et les premières années du 20ème siècle. By the 21st century, the remaining Second Empire architecture in the United States was once again greatly appreciated and valued by most for its sense of beauty, grandeur, and quirkiness while ironically the work of architects who originally chastised the style saw even greater criticism. Virginia and Lee McAlester divided the style into five subtypes:[6]. However, the Second Empire style, modeled on buildings then popular in mid to late 19th century France, was clearly part of the picturesque movement as well. (französisch Napoléon trois) genannt. The Empire style, considered by many to be the second phase of Neoclassicism, is an early 19th century design movement in architecture, furniture, and the decorative arts which lasted until about 1830. These developments worked together to excite interest in design under the Second Empire in the US, particularly among francophiles and those interested in French fashion, then under the sway of Empress Eugenie whose tastes influenced clothing, furniture, and interior decoration. This roof type originated in 16th century France and was fully developed in the 17th century by Francois Mansart, after whom it is named. 128–132, Dorsey, John and James D. Dilts, A Guide to Baltimore Architecture, Tidewater Publishers, Centerville, Maryland, 1981, p. 86, Goode, James M., Capitol Losses: A Cultural History of Washington’s Destroyed Buildings, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1979 p.177, United States Customhouse and Post Office, Prime Minister's Block, Canadian Parliament Buildings, "Why Are Victorian Houses So Creepy? is a Second Empire house. A mansard roof is a hipped roof with two slopes, the lower being very steeply pitched and the upper being almost flat. Its most elaborate forms became known by the nickname of “wedding cakes”. In the 19th century, the standard way to refer to this style of architecture was simply "French" or "Modern French", but later authors came up with the term "Second Empire". There are two variations of Second Empire ornamentation: the high style, which followed French precedents closely and employed rich ornamentation, and the more vernacular styles, which lack a strongly distinctive ornamental vocabulary. Major examples of the style include the Opéra Ga… Often, lightning rods were integrated into the cresting, as pinnacles. Burgtheater, Vienna, designed by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer and completed in 1888, is a prime example of the Second Empire style. The first of the Victorian styles was Second Empire style (1855-1885). Second Empire, in the United States and Canada, is an architectural style most popular between 1865 and 1900. He was the first President of France elected by a popular election. Napoleon III started the Franco-Prussian War (also called the Franco-German War). The mansard roof was a hallmark of the Second Empire style. The Bates home from “Psycho” (Photo: Universal Studios) The style takes its name from the reign of Louis Napoleon, whose Second Empire lasted from 1852 to 1870. The Second Empire Style In Europe. Thus, most Second Empire houses exhibited the same ornamentational and stylistic features as contemporary Italianate forms, differing only in the presence or absence of a mansard roof. Second Empire architecture developed from the redevelopment of Paris under Napoleon III's Second French Empire and looked to French Renaissance precedents. Un grand succès auprès de la bourgeoisie française entre les années 1880 III ( )! Empire structures fell into decay and were demolished succès auprès de la bourgeoisie française entre les 1880. 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