transparent tissue that adheres to the anterior portion of the sclera and lines the eyelids; divided into 2 sections bulbar conjunctiva covers the sclera; tarsal conjunctiva covers the inner eyelids Some common bacterial infections include strep throat, whooping cough, and urinary tract infections, while viral infections include the common cold, GI bugs, sore throat, and the flu. Both types of conjunctivitis are very contagious and easily spread. (Acute viral conjunctivitis) Introduction: Overview inflammation of the conjunctiva; Anatomy: Conjunctiva. Filed Under: ENT Tagged With: Bacterial conjunctivitis, Bacterial Pink Eye, Pink Eye, Viral conjunctivitis, Viral Pink Eye. • There are no crusting or stuck eye lids in viral conjunctivitis while pus may stick the eyelids together in bacterial conjunctivitis. This type takes longer to clear up. Children and the elderly are more at risk of a bacterial conjunctivitis. Only viral and bacterial infections can cause contagious cases of conjunctivitis. Viral conjunctivitis is often bilateral, makes the eyes red all over, and has a clear to yellowish secretion but not pus (which is cloudy white). A culture may be needed if your symptoms are severe or if your doctor suspects a high-risk cause, such as a foreign body in your eye, a serious bacterial infection or a sexually transmitted infection. • Viral conjunctivitis accompanies upper respiratory tract infections. Bacterial conjunctivitis may improve after three or four days of treatment, but patients need to take the entire course of antibiotics to prevent a recurrence. It usually clears up without treatment in 7 to 14 days. Lymphadenopathy is more prevalent in viral conjunctivitis (occurs in up to 50% of cases) than bacterial conjunctivitis [Azari, 2013]. Diagnosis is clinical. It features excessive production of tears, itching, pain and blurred vision sometimes. Do not let anyone else use your towel. infection which affects the thin layer of tissue that covers part of the front of the eye and the inside of the eyelids (conjunctiva For more information on eye health, go to our For patients section. Avoiding allergens, anti-histamines, and steroids are effective in treating allergic conjunctivitis. It is not normally serious, and is sometimes referred to as pink or red eye. Conjunctivitis is an infection which affects the thin layer of tissue that covers part of the front of the eye and the inside of the eyelids (conjunctiva). Some patients feel like there is something in the eyes because of the irritation caused by the discharge. Bacterial pink eye sets in rapidly. Viral conjunctivitis. Privacy policy, Bacterial conjunctivitis normally causes a yellow or green sticky discharge, Viral conjunctivitis normally causes a watery discharge, Wash your hands before and after cleaning your eyelids, Rub the moistened pad or cotton wool ball firmly but gently along the eyelid edges to remove the crusts, Take care to wipe between the eyelashes of both the upper and lower lids, Use a fresh pad or wipe each time and do not use the same pad for the other eye as this may spread the infection, Dry your eyes gently. More commonly associated with discharge (pus), which can lead to eyelids sticking together Conjunctivitis can be due to viruses, bacteria, allergies, or chemicals. 3 Viral conjunctivitis, on the other hand, usually causes a thinner discharge that may be clear, slightly white, or pink. These bacteria can penetrate the cornea, the clear … Antibiotics, delivered in eye drop or ointment form, are a common course of treatment. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Dr.Samanka is passionate about educating the general public on common diseases. 1,4 Bacterial conjunctivitis, while less common, is more likely to cause infection in children (50% to 75% of cases). Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by different bacteria. Conjunctivitis usually causes a pink or red, gritty-feeling in the eye. No drops or ointments can treat viral conjunctivitis. Additionally, in infectious conjunctivitis, general signs of viral or bacterial infection (e.g., fever) may be seen, while itching is particularly common in allergic conjunctivitis. It often starts in one eye, usually spreading to the other. It spreads rapidly. Photophobia is not prominent in conjunctivitis. Eye should be washed thoroughly with clean running water and covered, and the patient should rush to a hospital. Treatment will depend on the cause of your conjunctivitis. It is self-limiting. Conjunctivitis refers to any inflammatory condition of the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera. There is a history of asthma, drug or food allergy in these patients. The NHS says that you don't need to stay away from work or school if you have conjunctivitis, unless you are feeling particularly unwell. You can download our patient leaflet on bacterial and viral conjunctivitis. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Conjunctivitis, Bacterial / drug therapy* Conjunctivitis, Bacterial / microbiology Conjunctivitis, Viral / diagnosis But these will not work if it's caused by a virus (viral conjunctivitis) or an allergy. , has many causes, including the common cold, sinusitis, and crusting... Conjunctivitis: Differences Based on causes and the patient should rush to a normal substance in cul! Need to be referred to as pink or red, gritty-feeling in the and... 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