He was the son of Alberta Christine (Williams), a schoolteacher, and Martin Luther King Sr., a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. He became a member of Congress, mayor of Atlanta and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. As a black man who has directly benefited from the Civil Rights Movement I feel a personal responsibility to advance the work of Dr. King. The Rev. On August 28, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke the words: “I have a dream.” King's patient, non-violent approach and appeal to white middle-class citizens alienated many Black militants who considered his methods too weak, too late and ineffective. Martin Sr. came from a family of sharecroppers in a poor farming community. Nixon, head of the local NAACP chapter met with King and other local civil rights leaders to plan a Montgomery Bus Boycott. They would help conduct non-violent protests to promote civil rights reform. In April 1960, the SCLC held a conference at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina with local sit-in leaders. King met with religious and civil rights leaders and lectured all over the country on race-related issues. King was only 25 years old. He strongly discouraged any sense of class superiority in his children which left a lasting impression on Martin Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. - Mini Biography TV-14 4:40 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is widely considered the most influential leader of the American civil rights movement. King attended Booker T. Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. Often, it seemed as though the pattern of progress was two steps forward and one step back. These were some very determined people who walked everywhere they needed to go for over a year! Quotes Showing 1-30 of 138 “A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.” ― Martin Luther King Jr., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Passed it onto my teenage son who is equally fascinated. DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. His life and work have been honored with a national holiday, schools and public buildings named after him, and a memorial on Independence Mall in Washington, D.C. We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. We shall Overcome! He was becoming discouraged at the slow progress of civil rights in America and the increasing criticism from other African American leaders. Plans were in the works for another march on Washington to revive his movement and bring attention to a widening range of issues. Coretta Scott King was an American civil rights activist and the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther was a German monk who forever changed Christianity when he nailed his '95 Theses' to a church door in 1517, sparking the Protestant Reformation. He died in prison on April 23, 1998. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Born as Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (Jan. 15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was the charismatic leader of the U.S. civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. In due time, Michael Jr. would follow his father's lead and adopt the name himself. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist who had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s. What an amazing story. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. King had an older sister, Willie Christine, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. The students would sit at racially segregated lunch counters in the city's stores. In February 1958, the SCLC sponsored more than 20 mass meetings in key southern cities to register Black voters in the South. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Many people in cities not experiencing racial tension began to question the nation's Jim Crow laws and the near-century of second-class treatment of African American citizens. Growing up in Atlanta, Georgia, King entered public school at age five. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches, I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World, Special 75th Anniversary Edition (Martin Luther King, Jr., born January 15, 1929), Mohandas K. Gandhi, Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Life (Penguin Lives Biographies), Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story (King Legacy), The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley, Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela, Dr. Carson was born in Buffalo, New York. But Rustin was also a controversial figure at the time, being a homosexual with alleged ties to the Communist Party. King was elected to lead the boycott because he was young, well-trained with solid family connections and had professional standing. From late 1965 through 1967, King expanded his civil rights efforts into other larger American cities, including Chicago and Los Angeles. He married Alberta in 1926 after an eight-year courtship. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. There's a problem loading this menu right now. READ MORE: How Martin Luther King Jr. When they refused to leave the counter area, King and 36 others were arrested. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr: Chapter 14: The Sit-In Movement. When a mostly white jury acquitted the police officers who were caught on video beating Rodney King, it set off the L.A. riots of 1992. But soon after, King was imprisoned for violating his probation on a traffic conviction. The event was traumatic for King, more so because he was out watching a parade against his parents' wishes when she died. The King and Williams families had roots in rural Georgia. Martin's honesty and quest for justice rings throughout. On October 19, 1960, King and 75 students entered a local department store and requested lunch-counter service but were denied. For many years we have shown an amazing patience. In January 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy and 60 ministers and civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to harness the moral authority and organizing power of Black churches. Everyone who wants to understand America should read this book. In 1954, while still working on his dissertation, King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama. Took Inspiration From Gandhi Nonviolence. I became fascinated by Martin Luther King after visiting his memorial in Washington DC and standing on the spot where he did his famous speech to the nation. Firstly, I knew precious little about the man who stands as a giant of history. Written as though King himself had chosen every word, this gives much needed insight into key phases of King's life, the Civil Rights struggle and his tremendous speeches. The bus boycott involved 382 days of walking to work, harassment, violence, and intimidation for Montgomery's African American community. Flush with victory, African American civil rights leaders … Extremely engaging and very well compiled. His wife, Susan Ann Carson, is managing editor of the. I bought this book for a number of reasons. Buy The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr New Ed by Martin Luther King Jr (ISBN: 0787721865148) from Amazon's Book Store. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. This book is a fitting testimony. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. Andrew Young Jr. was an activist for the civil rights movement alongside Martin Luther King Jr. It is not even an autobiography as told to, such as the Autobiography of Malcolm X. Mays was an outspoken advocate for racial equality and encouraged King to view Christianity as a potential force for social change. King was not in the march, however, the attack was televised showing horrifying images of marchers being bloodied and severely injured. There was a problem loading your book clubs. King is the youngest child of Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King. He continues to be remembered as one of the most influential and inspirational African American leaders in history. King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, among several other honors. A generation of young people has come out of decades of shadows to face naked state power; it has lost its fears, and experienced the majestic dignity of a direct struggle for its own liberation. Both King's and Nixon's homes were attacked. With knowledge, spirit, good humor, and passion, THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. brings to life a remarkable man whose thoughts and actions speak to our most burning contemporary issues and still inspire the desires, hopes, and dreams of us all. In 1969, Ray pleaded guilty to assassinating King and was sentenced to 99 years in prison. The author imagines conversations that Dr. King might have, and supports that with snippets of his writing. His strong belief in nonviolent protest helped set the tone of the movement. I learned so much that I didn't know I didn't know. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr.; Chapter 1: Early Years Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Finally, there were a number of passages that could have been written today - so many points Martin made are as fresh as ever. He too became a successful minister and adopted the name Martin Luther King Sr. in honor of the German Protestant religious leader Martin Luther. 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